What Is Birth Control(contraception)?
Birth control method (contraception) involves the use of a drug or device to prevent the emergence of pregnancy. There are many different types of birth control that women can select from. Their efficiency when it comes to preventing pregnancy differs. Your health plays a vital role in determining the type of contraception that works best for you, and at the same time, your desire to have children now or in the future, and the need for you to prevent sexually transmitted infections is also very important. Discuss with your doctor so that he can help you decide which type is best for you right now.
Different Types of Birth Control
There are lots of birth control methods that you as a woman can select from. Below is some birth control methods listed in the order of the most effective to the least effective for prevention of pregnancy:
- Female and male sterilization: This includes female tubal ligation or occlusion and male vasectomy. Female and male sterilization method can be used to prevent pregnancy for a lifetime and this is done through surgery or medical intervention.
- Long-acting reversible contraceptives or “LARC” methods. This involves the use of intrauterine devices and or hormonal implants. During this procedure, your physician inserts one-time birth control and there is no need for you to remember the use of birth control on a daily basis or every month. LARCs method of birth control lasts for 3 to 10 years, depending on the method.
- Short-acting hormonal methods. In short-acting hormonal methods pill, mini pills, patch, shot, and vaginal ring are used. This is types of birth control, your doctor prescribes to take every day or every month. This shot needs to be taken by your doctor every 3 months.
- Barrier methods. This involves the use of condoms, diaphragms, sponges, cervical cap which stops the semen from entering into the cervix. As a matter of fact, this is the type of birth control you use every time you have sex.
- Natural Rhythm Methods. This does not involve the use of any type of birth control, but avoid sex (abstained) and/or making use of contraception only for those days that you are most fertile (most likely to get pregnant). The ovulation tester or fertility monitor can help you find your fertile days.
How does birth control work?
Depending on the method of birth control you select, birth control is effective in preventing pregnancy in various ways:
- When you make use of female or male sterilization surgery, this prevents sperm from reaching the eggs by cutting or damaging the tubes that carry sperm in men and the tubes in women that carry the eggs.
- Long-acting reversible contraceptives or “LARC” methods (intrauterine devices, hormonal implants). This method of birth control prevent the ovaries from releasing eggs, holding sperm from reaching the egg or making implantation of the eggs into the uterus unimaginable.
iii. Short-acting hormonal methods, for example, pills, mini tablets, patches, vaccines and vaginal ring, all of these work by preventing the ovaries from releasing eggs or preventing the sperm from getting to the egg.
- Barrier methods. As mentioned above it involves the use of condoms, diaphragms, sponges, cervical cap, which prevents sperm from getting into the egg.
- Natural rhythm methods include avoiding sex or using other forms of birth control at the days when you are the most fertile (most likely you will get pregnant).
What types of birth control prevent STI?
There are only two types of birth control which can protect you from STI, including HIV and they are the male and female condoms. Although condoms are the best way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases if you have sex, and it has been proven that the use of both male and female condoms are not the most effective form of birth control. During the course of sex, the only best and effective way to prevent sexually transmitted diseases and pregnancy at the same time is the use of what is known as “dual protection”. What does this mean?, dual protection means you make use of a condom to prevent sexually transmitted diseases every time you have sex, and at the same time using a more effective form of birth control, for example, an IUD, implant or a shot.
Are birth control Pills Safe?
The answer is yes, the use of hormone as a method of birth control for example pills are safe for most women. Birth control pills use presently has a lower hormone than those used in the past. This has reduced the risk of side effects and serious health problems.
There are some health benefits women derived from the use of today’s birth control pills, such benefits include reducing the risk of certain types of cancers. In addition, different brands and types of birth control pills including other forms of hormonal birth control may increase the risk of certain health problems and side effects. Side effects may range from weight gain, headaches, irregular bleeding, breast tenderness, and mood changes. The most important thing is to discuss with your doctor about whether the use of the hormonal birth control is right for you.
There are some minor side effects for birth control pill for women, and condom may be the best solution for birth control. Condom is one of the most effective birth control method and it’s very cheap compare to other method. Some may not like the feeling of a rubber, but some of the condom are so good that you barely feel that it exist. It still depend on you and your partner’s preference, not only men, some women doesn’t like condom as well.